What is diabetes?

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a complicated chronic disease determined by abnormally high level of glucose in the blood. The disruption of producing insulin by pancreas is the cause of this condition.

How does insulin work?

Your body needs hormone insulin to transmute glucose into energy that can be used by your muscles. When there is lack of insulin glucose cannot be used as fuel and your body tries to withdraw the excessive sugar out with fluids.

What are the types of diabetes?

Generally medics distinguish 3 main types of diabetes:

1st type diabetes occurs when the pancreas is completely unable to produce insulin. In this case the immune system usually attacks cells that make insulin. Very often this type of diabetes happen within young people;

2nd type diabetes takes place when the pancreas does not produce the sufficient amount of insulin or this insulin cannot be processed by the organism. In this case high insulin resistance is observed. This form of diabetes is the most frequent but hard to detect;

GDM (Gestational diabetes) is developed during pregnancy because of high sugar level in the blood of both mother and child.

How diabetes is treated?

Diabetes of the 1st type is hard to cure. People with this diagnose need to take insulin injections regularly to keep in norm their sugar level. Patients with type 2 diabetes have chances to cure themselves with the help of nutrition control and exercises. At a certain stage they will need medical help. An oral medicine called Actos helps to control blood sugar level and is used as treatment for diabetes of the 2nd type. GDM can result in complications for both mother and child. Caloric restriction combined with medicine can help to alleviate the problem.

By Tatiana Mihnevich.

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