Hypertension is a medical term used for such a clinical condition as high blood pressure. Blood pressure (BP) is a force of blood pushed through your arteries when your heart makes its pump. The narrower your vessels are the higher your pressure is. BP is expressed in systolic (maximum) and diastolic (minimum) indicators. Normal BP is about 120/80 mmHg. Thus, high BP is over 140/90 mmHg. Causes & Symptoms Constant elevated pressure against your vessels can cause their thinning and damage. Hypertension can also lead to heart risks such as strokes and attacks; it can result in kidney problems. There is a long list of factors that lead to high BP. These are the most frequent: · Obesity; · Sedentary lifestyle; · Diabetes; · Lack of vitamins: D, Mg, Ca; · Kidney chronic disease; · Stress; · Birth control pills. As a rule people rarely feel high BP, but eventually it shows up in such conditions: Chest pain; Nausea; Headache; Vision disruption; Dizziness; Treatment There are three general ways to manage this problem: medical, lifestyle change, and combined. Medical way includes using several classes of drugs such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and peripheral vasodilators. Some drugs have a combined effect and to them belongs Avalide – a drug effectively used for hypertension treatment. Two main components of Avalide prevent your body from absorbing the excess of salt and keep your arteries from narrowing too much. Changing your lifestyle from sitting, immobile to active and sporty can be good for vessels. Nutrition correction with healthy food options and alcohol consummation control is also a required step.
By Tatiana Mihnevich